“The VIP scale, as evaluated in this study, was considered to be a valid and reliable measure for determining when a PIV catheter should be removed” Gallant and Schultz (2006).
Gallant P and Schultz AA (2006) Evaluation of a visual infusion phlebitis scale for determining appropriate discontinuation of peripheral intravenous catheters. Journal of Infusion Nursing. vol. 29, no. 6, p. 338-45.
INS (2011) Infusion Nursing Standards of Practice. Journal of Infusion Nursing. Supplement. 34(1s).
Stranz, M. and Kastango, E.S. (2002) A review of pH and osmolarity. International Journal of Pharmaceutical Compounding. 6(3), p.216-220.